MLA citation style is most frequently used in the humanities, e.g. literature, languages, art. The MLA Handbook was first published by the Modern Language Association in 1951.
MLA style relies on parenthetical citations (author, page number) for material that is quoted, summarized or paraphrased in the text of a paper. The sources referenced in parenthetical citations are compiled at the end of the paper as a Works Cited list.