A systematic review is a “scientific investigation that focuses on a specific question and uses explicit, planned scientific methods to identify, select, assess, and summarize the findings of similar but separate studies. It may or may not include a quantitative synthesis of the results from separate studies (meta-analysis).”
Source: Finding What Works in Health Care, published by the Institute of Medicine in 2011.
From Cochrane, this short video provides an introduction to systematic reviews.
The following UC Davis Library Guides provide detailed guidance about systematic review methods and tools.