"Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices." (Grudniewicz et al., Nature, 11 December 2019)
These journals should be avoided for several good reasons, but to identify them is not always easy. The Nature article provides some advice and so does the website Think.Check.Submit.
There are a number of checklist available on the web that can help to deter mine if a journals is deceptive/predatory or not.
Here is a compilation of criteria an author should check for:
Do you or your colleagues know the journal?
Is the journals scope clearly defined on their webpage?
Can you easily identify and contact the publisher?
Is the journal clear about the type of peer review it uses?
Is the journal listed in reputable citation indexes or ranking lists?
Do you recognize the editorial board?
Is the journal open access?
Is the publisher a member of:
What is the appearance of the website?