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Citing Information

How to Cite with IEEE

In academic work, it is important to cite your sources anytime you quote or summarize any work that is not created by you. This includes: text, charts, photos, graphs, diagrams, ideas, or anything else that you did not create.

To cite your sources correctly, you need to understand:

  1. Parts of a Citation
  2. In-text and full citations: how they work together in a paper
  3. What Citation Style to Use

1. Parts of a Citation

Below, I use a citation from the journal Science, to specify the information given in each part of the citation.

C. B., Thompson. (1995).  Apoptosis in the pathogenesis and treatment of disease. Science. 267(5203), pp. 1456-1462.



Year Published                 

C. B., Thompson


  Title of Article Apoptosis in the pathogenesis and treatment of disease
  Title of Journal: Science
  Volume: 267
  Issue: 5203
  Pages: 1456-1462

2. In-text Citations

To cite your sources, use “in-text” citations within your paper and “full citations” at the end, using an appropriate citation style. The format of both will depend on the Citation Style you use.


Indicating the relevant reference in the text
  • A number enclosed in square brackets, eg.[1] or [26], placed in the text of the essay, indicates the relevant reference.
  • Each reference number should be enclosed in square brackets on the same line as the text, before any punctuation, with a space before the bracket.
  • Citations are numbered in the order in which they appear in the text and each citation corresponds to a numbered reference containing publication information about the source cited in the reference list at the end of the publication, essay or assignment.
  • Once a source has been cited, the same number is used in all subsequent references.
  • No distinction is made between print and electronic references when citing within the text.
Here are some examples of this kind of reference:

"...end of the line for my research [13]."
"The theory was first put forward in 1987 [1]." "Scholtz [2] has argued that......."
"Several recent studies [3, 4, 15, 16] have suggested that..."
"For example, see [7]."

  • It is not necessary to mention either the author(s) or the date of the reference unless it is relevant to your text.
  • It is not necessary to say " in reference [26] ..." "In [26] ..." is sufficient.


Citing more than one reference at a time

When citing more than one source at a time, the preferred method is to list each reference number separately with a comma or dash between each reference:

[1], [3], [5]
[1] - [5]

                                                                                                                                                                    -Murdoch University

To Cite Tech Info in IEEE Format:

There is no automated way to do this; use the  IEEE Citation Style Guide   (5 pg PDF)  to manually create the right format.